FLORAL

Type
Natural raw material
Parts used
Flowers
Extraction method
Steam distillation

Floral, suave, spicy, ethereal, solar, intriguing, entrancing, attractive, exotic.

An entrancing note of suave, floral facets. Ylang-ylang blends beautifully in floral bouquets—adding an ethereal nuance that is both spicy and quintessentially modern. A generous dose of salicylates gives ylang-ylang its exotic solar scent, and its molecular structure is intriguingly similar to both jasmine and tuberose.

Production

Partial to lush, tropical regions, the ylang-ylang tree (otherwise known as Cananga Odorata Genuina) can be found growing in the Philippines, on the Comoro Islands, and in Madagascar. In its wild state, the ylang-ylang tree grows to an impressive height of 15 or 20 meters. However, trees that are pruned on a regular basis will typically only grow to a height of 2 or 3 meters—making it easier to reach its flowers during harvest. There is one variety of ylang-ylang that is most prized by perfumers: genuina. Golden-yellow in color and divinely fragrant, the genuina variety is renowned for producing a higher-quality essence than other ylang-ylang varieties. Its essence is obtained through the steam distillation of fresh flowers. While a mature ylang-ylang tree can yield 20–30 kilograms of flowers per season, a whopping 350–400 kilograms are required to create a single kilogram of its coveted essence. However, when compared to other flowers, this is a rather generous yield. Ylang-ylang flowers are picked in the early hours of the morn: between dawn and 9am, when its delightful scent is at its height. The flowers must be fully mature, with a red dot at the base of the golden petals before being picked.
Photo by courtesy of IFF (LMRNaturals) and Gregorie Mahler
Photo by courtesy of IFF (LMRNaturals) and Gregorie Mahler
Origin
Comoros, madagascar, reunion, mayotte
Iconic perfume
Chanel
Nº 5 (Eau de Parfum)

"A woman's perfume, with a woman's scent... A perfume unlike any have ever made." This was Gabrielle Chanel's request to Ernest Beaux. This one creats a floral bouquet featuring rose, jasmine, and he adds the essential oil of ylang-ylang, presented for the first time at the Universal Exhibition of 1889, and whose perfumers’ enthusiasm allows Reunion Island to export large quantities in 1920. Ernest Beaux will say about ylang-ylang: “With jasmine, it's my favourite scent.”

FLORAL / ALDEHYDIC
Photo by courtesy of IFF (LMRNaturals) and Gregorie Mahler
Photo by courtesy of IFF (LMRNaturals) and Gregorie Mahler
In addition to its rather palpable fragrance and alluring aesthetic qualities, the lush ylang-ylang flower is also a renowned aphrodisiac. It’s thought to relax the mind and stimulate the senses—increasing one’s mood and inviting sensual pleasure. Ylang-ylang essential oil is often used during intimate massages to increase one’s libido and elevate the bonding experience.
Photo by courtesy of IFF (LMRNaturals) and Gregorie Mahler

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Woody Notes

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