CITRUS

Type
Natural raw material
Parts used
Rind, fruit zest
Extraction method
Cold expression

With a more suave note than lemon. A fresh, soft, floral lavender, peppery and sparkling scent that reminds Earl grey tea.

Bergamot: the endlessly dynamic note with the ability to lift and enhance warm, woody scents or add a splash of life to floral fragrances in need of a zestful, spicy twist. This effortlessly suave ingredient is the height of popularity across many fragrances, offering a peppery and sparkling kick reminiscent of sweet summer mornings or lazy spring days. Its fleeting lightness blends seamlessly with a wide variety of fragrance families.

Production

Even today, the small bergamot fruit is carefully handpicked in Calabria—the sunbaked coastal region of Italy. From November to March, bergamot is picked, sorted and grouped according to its provenance. While this detail may seem arbitrary, it is essential in maintaining a distinction between bergamot’s many multifaceted olfactory nuances. The essential oil is extracted from the fruit’s pericarp, and then placed in a pelatrice (a machine equipped with cylindrical rollers which prick and grate the fruit to gently extract its coveted essences). During this operation, the fruits are continuously sprayed with small jets of cold water under pressure which, by washing the peel, entrain the extracts in a centrifuge where the aqueous part and the oil are separated. It takes an impressive 200 kg of bergamot to product a single liter of essential oil.
Origin
Italy
Iconic perfume
Roger & Gallet
EAU DE COLOGNE JEAN-MARIE FARINA

Jean-Marie Farina registered the name "Eau de Cologne" in 1806, succeeding Feminis, the Italian who combined bergamot with neroli, lemon and rosemary, creating the first fresh and light fragrances, used rather as medicine than as a perfume.

CITRUS

History

Despite its petite size, the benefits of the bergamot fruit extend well beyond its significance in the perfume industry. For centuries, bergamot has been distinguished by its unique remedial properties. Indeed, Hippocrates himself was known to dab on a bit of bergamot in an attempt to cure his woes. History has celebrated bergamot for its miraculous healing properties, using it as an analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, antiviral, or even as a laxative. Tea manufacturers caught wind of the illustrious bergamot and decided to use it in their teas—thus resulting in our much-loved Earl Grey. Bakers and confectioners alike have diddled with the ingredient to create a number of delectable treats, including the famous little Madeleine cake.

Did you know

Bergamot is an interesting hybrid between lemon and bitter orange, and is often identified as having an appearance similar to that of a lime. Despite its juicy appearance, the fruit is inedible—but what it lacks in taste it certainly makes up in fragrance. Once upon a time, bergamot essence was extracted through a “sponge” method: the “bark” of the fruit was split and the essence extracted through pressure and ultimately collected with sponges.
Today, the qualities of bergamot essence used for perfumery are bergapten-free, an ingredient that, when exposed to the sun, could be harmful to the skin. Bergamot can also be tricky to grow, as only 1% of all flowers will actually produce fruit.

Some fragrances related to the ingredient

Affinessence

BERGAMOTE-RACINES

WOODY / CITRUS
FLORAL / CITRUS
Angel Schlesser | Les Eaux d'Un Instant

TEMPTING BERGAMOT

CITRUS / GREEN
Carolina Herrera | Herrera Confidential

BERGAMOT BLOOM

CITRUS
FLORAL / CITRUS
WOODY / CITRUS
CITRUS
Carolina Herrera | Herrera Confidential

CITRUS ELIXIR OIL

CITRUS
CITRUS
Yardley South Africa

FREESIA & BERGAMOT

FLORAL / CITRUS
AMBERY (ORIENTAL) / CITRUS
Acqua di Parma | Blu Mediterraneo

BERGAMOTTO DI CALABRIA Acqua di Parma

CITRUS / WOODY
CITRUS
4711 | Acqua Colonia

VETYVER & BERGAMOT

WOODY / CITRUS
WOODY / CITRUS
L'Occitane | La Collection de Grasse

JASMIN & BERGAMOTE

FLORAL
WOODY / CITRUS

Musk

Sandalwood

Patchouli

Amber

Vanilla

Jasmine

Cedarwood

Rose

Mandarin

Vetiver

Lemon

Tonka Bean

Iris / Orris

Orange Blossom

Cardamom

Pink Pepper

Lavender

Grapefruit

Woody Notes

Leather

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