FLORAL

Type
Natural raw material.
Parts used
Fresh flowers, petals.
Extraction method
Steam distillation to obtain the essence and solvent extraction to get the absolute

Majestic and characteristic, spicy, green and honeyed, powerful and rich, both floral and fruity scent, that can evoke litchee.

Indispensable to the world of perfumery and all things fine fragrance, rosa damascena is the scent of choice for many perfumers and fragrance devotees alike. Its rich and deep—a tangible scent that announces itself in decadent layers that are fruity, floral and sweetly honeyed. Green facets mingle with spritely lychee.

Production

In what we imagine to be some of the most beautiful regions imaginable, roses are grown en masse throughout parts of France, Turkey, Bulgaria and Morocco (the Daddès Valley). But not all roses make it into our beloved fragrances. Rather, roses are classified into two overarching categories: ornamental roses grown for their aesthetic qualities, and then the coveted fragrant roses that pique perfumers’ interests. Among the 5,000 known botanical varieties of roses, only a mere two are used in perfumery: the Rosa Centifolia and the Rosa Damascena. Rosa Centifolia, a thorn-less flower grown in Grasse, is considered to have a more “delicate” scent, extracted using solvents to obtain an absolute. Akin to anything of interest, this divine floral note is shrouded in secrecy—with its production becoming rather secretive of late. And yet, the fragrant qualities of Centifolia are so lovely that prestige perfume houses continue to use it. On the other hand, Rosa Damascena (or Damascus rose)—produced in Turkey and Bulgaria—is the only known rose to exist as an essence. And what’s more: it’s thought to be among the richest, most velvety essences available. This essence is captured through a process of distillation, whereby the flowers are handpicked at dawn and quickly processed to avoid fermentation.
Photo by courtesy of Robertet.
Photo by courtesy of Robertet.
Origin
Bulgaria, bulgaria, bulgaria, france, france, france, morocco, morocco, morocco, turkey, turkey, turkey
Iconic perfume
Lancôme
TRÉSOR EAU DE PARFUM

Trésor, created in all roundness and voluptuousness around the rose, powdered by iris and with fruitynote of peach, revives the scents of yesteryear.

FLORAL / WOODY

History

The Damascena Rose, otherwise known as the Damask Rose, originates from Syria but is predominately cultivated in the fertile Valley of Roses—a mountainous region of Bulgaria renowned for its world-famous rose production. Since the 17th century, the Damascena Rose has played an integral role in the lives of Bulgarians—influencing their livelihood, culture and traditions.
Photo by courtesy of Robertet.
Photo by courtesy of Robertet.

Did you know

Bulgaria’s Rose Valley is home to the lush Damascena rose. Its popularity in the region cannot be understated: In the early 20th century, 427 of 429 Bulgarian rose farmers were producing Rosa Damascena. Today, the region remains the world's largest supplier of this divinely fragrant flower.
Native to Asia Minor, there are among 5,000 known rosa species. However—much akin to finding a diamond in the rough—only two botanical varieties are actually used in perfumery: Rosa Centifolia and Rosa Damascena.
Photo by courtesy of Robertet.

Some fragrances related to the ingredient

Maison Francis Kurkdjian

L'HOMME À LA ROSE

FLORAL
Atelier Materi

ROSE ARDOISE

FLORAL
Nishane Istanbul

ROSA TURCA

FLORAL
Heretic

DIRTY ROSE

FLORAL
FLORAL / FRUITY
Guerlain | L'Art et La Matière

ROSE CHÉRIE

FLORAL / FRUITY
FLORAL / ALDEHYDIC
FLORAL / AMBERY (ORIENTAL)
FLORAL
Roger & Gallet

ROSE

FLORAL
WOODY / AMBERY (ORIENTAL)
Dries Van Noten

ROSA CARNIVORA

FLORAL / WOODY
Jo Malone London | Roses Collection

ROSE & MAGNOLIA 2022

CHYPRE / FLORAL
Carolina Herrera | Herrera Confidential

BURNING ROSE

FLORAL / AMBERY (ORIENTAL)
Jo Malone London

ROSE & MAGNOLIA

CHYPRE / FLORAL
The Different Company

ROSE POIVRÉE

FLORAL
Dries Van Noten

RAVING ROSE

FLORAL / SPICY
Officine del Profumo

ROSE DE DAMASCO

FLORAL
FLORAL

Musk

Bergamot

Sandalwood

Patchouli

Amber

Vanilla

Jasmine

Cedarwood

Rose

Mandarin

Vetiver

Lemon

Tonka Bean

Iris / Orris

Orange Blossom

Cardamom

Pink Pepper

Lavender

Grapefruit

Woody Notes

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